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Iván Gabriel Martín   Mr.  Other 
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Iván Gabriel Martín published an article in November 2018.
Top co-authors
Luis Garrote

65 shared publications

Department of Civil Engineering: Hydraulics, Energy and Environment, Technical University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Alvaro Sordo-Ward

1 shared publications

Paola Bianucci

1 shared publications

4
Publications
23
Reads
10
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0
Citations
Publication Record
Distribution of Articles published per year 

Total number of journals
published in
 
3
 
Publications
CONFERENCE-ARTICLE 21 Reads 0 Citations Stochastic assessment of the influence of reservoir operation in hydrological dam safety through risk indexes Ivan Gabriel-Martin, Alvaro Sordo-Ward, Luis Garrote, Isabel... Published: 15 November 2018
Proceedings of 3rd International Electronic Conference on Water Sciences (ECWS-3), doi: 10.3390/ECWS-3-05811
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Hydrological dam safety assessment methods traditionally assume that the reservoir is full while it receives the design flood. In practice, reservoir management strategy determines the probability distribution of reservoir levels at the beginning of flood episodes. In this study we present a method to economically assess the influence of reservoir management strategy on hydrological dam safety and downstream flood risk. The method was applied to a gated-spillway dam located in the Tagus river basin. A set of 100000 inflow hydrographs was generated through a Monte Carlo procedure, reproducing the observed statistics of main hydrograph characteristics: peak flow, volume and duration. The set of 100000 hydrographs was routed through the reservoir applying the Volumetric Operation Method as flood control strategy. Three different scenarios were studied: initial reservoir level equal to maximum normal level, equal to a maximum conservation level and following the probability distribution of initial reservoir levels. In order to evaluate economically the influence of initial variable reservoir level and compare the three scenarios, a global risk index was applied. The index combines the hydrological risk for the dam, linked to the maximum water level experienced in the reservoir while the flood is routed, and the flood risk in the downstream river reach, linked to the discharge releases from the dam. The results highlighted the importance of considering the fluctuation of initial reservoir level for assessing the risk related to hydrological dam safety. Within the case study, the global risk index reduced its value up to 93 % if variable initial reservoir level is accounted, from 1445.6 x103 to 83 x103 euros.

CONFERENCE-ARTICLE 18 Reads 0 Citations Effects of key properties of rainfall series on hydrologic design of sustainable urban drainage systems (SuDS) Rodrigo Jodra-López, Alvaro Sordo-Ward, Iván Gabriel-Martin,... Published: 15 November 2018
Proceedings of 3rd International Electronic Conference on Water Sciences (ECWS-3), doi: 10.3390/ECWS-3-05827
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The aims of this study are to quantify the effects of key properties of rainfall time series (frequency, duration, depth, rate and peak, time between events, length of series and precipitation thresholds, among others) on the hydrologic design of sustainable urban drainage systems (SuDS), to test a method for their estimation from daily time series and to quantify their uncertainty. Several typologies of SuDS infrastructures are designed to achieve a target treatment capacity. This target capacity is usually defined according to two methods: treating a percentage of the total volume of rainfall (50, 80, 90, 95, 99%) or treating a percentage of the total number of rainfall events (50, 80, 90, 95, 99%). We considered the city of Madrid as the case study, compiling 58 years of observed data (10-minute time step) and aggregating to daily time series. We obtained the design parameters from the full resolution dataset and then tested a simplified method to estimate them from daily time series of varying length. First, we calculated the design parameters for different storm thresholds (0, 1 and 2 millimeters). Second, we determined the design parameters from the aggregated daily time series by applying a temporal stochastic rainfall generator model (RainSimV3). We estimated the model parameters from daily data and generated 100 series of 58 years at 10-minute time step, and compared the results. Third, we generated 100 series of different lengths (20, 30, 40, 50, 58, 80 and 100 years). Fourth, we generated 100 series of 58 years at 10-minute time step (for each series length). Finally, we analyzed the uncertainty produced by the length of the observed data set. Results showed that, depending on the criteria adopted for the estimation of rainfall design parameters, SuDS structure volumes could vary up to 30 %. Further research includes the analysis of different climate locations.

Article 0 Reads 0 Citations Influencia del nivel inicial en la definición de resguardos estacionales en presas Ivan Gabriel-Martin, Alvaro Sordo-Ward, Luis Garrote Published: 30 October 2018
Ingeniería del agua, doi: 10.4995/ia.2018.9526
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El estudio presenta una metodología de carácter estocástico para la definición de Normas de Explotación optimizando tanto la explotación ordinaria como la seguridad hidrológica de la presa. Además, la metodología permite tener en cuenta la variabilidad del nivel inicial en el embalse en el momento de avenida. El caso de estudio es una presa bóveda clasificada como tipo A en función del riesgo potencial cuyo principal uso es el regadío. En el caso de estudio, se ha determinado un conjunto de resguardos que, cumpliendo la normativa relativa a niveles máximos en el embalse, maximizan la demanda máxima atendible para una garantía volumétrica del 90%. Se ha observado que al tener en cuenta la variabilidad del nivel inicial en el momento de avenida, la presa del caso de estudio no necesita resguardos para cumplir la normativa, mientras que si se supone embalse lleno el volumen de resguardo es de 70 hm3 en una de las estaciones. La metodología presentada puede ser de utilidad para el análisis y priorización de inversiones en seguridad hidrológica de presas existentes.
CONFERENCE-ARTICLE 15 Reads 0 Citations Rule operation model for dams with gate-controlled spillways Alvaro Sordo-Ward, Iván Gabriel-Martin, Paola Bianucci, Andr... Published: 24 November 2016
The 1st International Electronic Conference on Water Sciences, doi: 10.3390/ecws-1-a010
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The study develops a rule operation model for gated spillways which improves the performance of the volumetric evaluation method (MEV). MEV was proposed by Giron (1988) and is largely used in common practice in Spain. The improvement was made by applying a corrective factor to the outflow discharge proposed by MEV method. The choice of the corrective factor was based on a multi-decision environment accounting for the number of improved cases and the amount of improvement. A Monte Carlo simulation environment was created to evaluate the method under a wide range of operating conditions. The environment includes the generation of storms and inflow hydrographs and their routing through the reservoir. The methodology was applied to the Talave basin, in the south-east of Spain. The improved method (called K method) was compared with other methods for the operation of gate-controlled spillways as the MEV and PLEM methods. The results showed that if the corrective factor K is higher than 1 the number of improved cases was significant, while if it is lower than 1 there was not improvement. The analysis of the relation between the return period and the devised method showed that by using the K method the percentage of improvement of both reducing maximum outflows and reducing maximum levels reached in the reservoir is greater for events with higher return periods than for the lower ones.

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